Metagenomics, Lyme Disease, and the Tyrolean Iceman’s Tattoos


Contagions

When the genetic analysis of the 5,300 year old Tyrolean Iceman, better known as Ötzi, was published in February, most of the attention was naturally focused on his genomic DNA. His genomic DNA produced some interesting results: he had brown eyes, blood type O+, was probably lactose intolerant and from a southern European gene pool. He also had a collection of alleles that associate with atherosclerosis that correlate with calcifications found by CT scan in Ötzi’s arteries.

To round out a complete analysis of the single 100 mg specimen they took from Ötzi’s ileum, the largest bone of the pelvis, they did a metagenomic analysis to identify all of the non-human DNA sequences amplified. Pelvis is not really an ideal bone to take a specimen from given its proximity to the intestinal organisms that play a role in decomposing the body. Surprisingly, bacterial DNA was a very small 0.84% of the…

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